Let’s think about argument essays in this post. Argument essays often end with a question such as ‘Do you agree or disagree?’ or they may begin with the words, ‘To what extent…’
You need to consider an argument essay as having two sides. You will basically present both sides of the issue, the side you believe in and the side that people who oppose your opinions believe in.
There are two tasks involved here; one is to support your side of the argument and one is to refute the opposing side of the argument. You will need to present sufficient evidence in order to do this.
As an IELTS Tutor I continually tell my students of the necessity to plan their essays. In this post, I’m going to give you the basic argument essay plan I give my students:
Argument Essay Plan
|General Statement / Background Information|
|Thesis statement – the thesis statement is your position or opinion about the topic|
|Topic sentence – this is the first argument to support your thesis statement. Supporting statements – these next sentences will further support your thesis statement with evidence and/or examples.|
|Topic sentence – this is the second argument to support your thesis statement. Supporting statements – these next sentences will further support your thesis statement with evidence and/or examples.|
|Transition – here you state that others might disagree with your opinion. Topic sentence – here you state the arguments against your opinion.Supporting statement – this next sentence will further support the argument against your opinion.Refutation – here you need to show why your opinion is still better/more acceptable than this argument against your opinion.|
| Summary of main arguments Restatement of thesisRecommendation / suggestion / implication / final comment.
As an IELTS examiner, one of the problems I see time and time again is no planning or shape to argument essays so the essay is ‘all over the place’. If you follow my basic essay plan above, it will take some of the thinking out of the equation for you and leave you more head space to concentrate on grammar, vocabulary and cohesive devices.
Here’s to the best IELTS score possible!